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Grape and Fruit Press Wine Filter
Italian ratchet basket wine pressA press is a wonderful tool to have when making grape wines or for when fermenting only the juice of certain fruits. Certain presses are made only for grapes and will not press a hard fruit. Other presses will work in both cases. In either case, a press is used to press the juices from the fruit. Generally a press is comprised of a square or cylindrical basket, with a pressing surface above the basket. A ratchet or threaded rod of some sort is used to lower the pressing surface down into the basket, thus squeezing the grapes or fruit. Pressing should be done slowly, letting the juices run down into the bottom of the press or the catch as I call it. The juice is then ran into a container from the juice catch. A nylon mesh bag is often used to line the press basket with, to reduce the amount of solids that are passed on into the receiving container. For white grape wines, pressing is done immediately after crushing the grapes. For red wines, the pressing is completed after fermenting on the pulp for a period of time. The juice that is pressed from the skins of red grapes is then returned to the fermenter and fermentation is allowed to continue.

Presses range in size and cost. The larger the press the more expensive it is. You can buy a plastic press that is designed to fit over the fermentation bucket and have the juice run straight into the fermenter. The cost of a press such as this is only about $100.00 -- Other presses are either made of stainless steel or hardwood, and range in price from around $175.00 to $400.00. Depending on the amount of fruit you need to press, you may be able to get by without a commercial fruit press. If you have a vineyard, or are planning to plant a vineyard for the purpose of making wines, you will eventually need a decent press.

 

 

 

Filtering wine is a discretionary process for  the average home  winemaker. Filters can be costly, and are not always necessary for making a good wine. There are a lot of filters on the market now, that are geared toward the home wine maker. The super jet and mini jet filters made by Buon Vino are real popular and are not to awfully expensive, a couple of hundred dollars more or less will land ya one of these filters. Filters use various pads to filter the wine with. the filter pads range in shape and size depending on the housing that they are made for. Plate filters tend to be some of the best, using flat filter pads. The wine is usually passed through several pads or plates, to achieve the final result.  Another type of filter is the cartridge filter. This is the type of filter that I use when I need to filter my wine. A cartridge filter is round and is IN-LINE with the pumping hose. The wine is ran through the filter housing on one site, through the filter and out the other side of the housing. A pressure gauge is usually mounted on top to monitor the pumping pressure. Plate filters are supposed to be better than cartridge filters, but I have had no problems with my cartridge filter, and it does a very nice job. 

You can use any GOOD small water pump for a wine pump. I purchased a water pump at home depot, and bought a cartridge filter to pump the wine through. 

Filters are rated in Microns.  Usually the following is general guide line.

  • 5 micron  A course pad used for pre filtering
  • 1 micron. a fine pad, can be used as the only filter for reds, and are also a good finishing filter for white wines
  • .5 to .1  micron are micro fine filters. These will filter out yeast and sterilize the wine. Can also strip the wine of color and body.

 

 
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